Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS

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AXUS74 KLUB 182127
DGTLUB
TXC017-045-069-075-079-101-107-125-153-169-189-191-219-263-269-
279-303-305-345-369-433-437-445-501-252130-

Drought Information Statement
National Weather Service Lubbock TX
427 PM CDT Sun Sep 18 2022

...SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL ACCUMULATIONS OVER THE PAST MONTH HAVE
LED TO DROUGHT IMPROVEMENTS...

.SYNOPSIS:

Showers and thunderstorms with heavy rain falling mainly
in late August and early September helped rebound the annual water
deficit over the area with portions of the South Plains an Rolling
Plains receiving amounts over 5 to 6 inches and a good portion of
the area showing much above normal rainfall for the period. The
rainfall was less abundant over the extreme southern Panhandle and
part of the southwest South Plains, including Yoakum County near
Plains and Denver City. Most areas have seen rainfall greater than
150 percent of normal with some areas exceeding 300 percent of
normal. The rainfall has resulted in a reduction of drought levels
over the entire region. Only a very small amount of extreme drought
(D3) remained across a portion of Yoakum, Terry, Lynn, and Childress
Counties. Severe (D2) and moderate (D1) drought persisted over the
rest of the area.

.SUMMARY OF IMPACTS:

With the rain came a very significant green up. The much needed
moisture brings more relief to ranching operations where grasses and
vegetation are finally starting to grow. It was also well received
in many cities including Lubbock. In contrast for many farming
operations including the vast number of acres dedicated to cotton,
among other crops, the rains, although abundant, came too late. The
extreme drought over the summer, which includes the the majority of
the growing season, caused total failure or near-total failure of
the crops with limited or no irrigation. Even many fields with
better water supply have seen very stunted growth and the shortness
of the remaining growing season will limit time for those crops to
produce. Overall yields of all crops for this year`s growing season
are expected to be down very significantly from an average year.

.DROUGHT MITIGATION ACTIONS:

Outdoor burn bans continue as of September 18th for 12 of 24
counties spanning the South Plains, Rolling Plains and far southern
Texas Panhandle. Regardless of rainfall, various cities such as
Lubbock and Plainview maintain watering restrictions to lessen
impacts on their long-term water supplies. This typically includes
irrigating landscaping only on certain days and during the overnight
hours.

.LOCAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK:

La Nina (the cool phase of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation climate
pattern) is favored to continue through the Northern Hemisphere
winter months with decreasing chances of La Nina in spring 2023. A
La Nina during the winter months results in higher than average
probabilities of a drier and warmer pattern for the South Plains of
West Texas. The Climate Prediction Center`s three month outlook for
late fall into early winter has a 50-60 percent chance of above
average temperatures and 40-50 percent chance of below average
precipitation. However, the long range forecast cannot resolve
individual precipitation events in the shorter term that could
affect the drought evolution throughout the fall and into the early
winter (i.e. a drier than normal forecast for the long range does
not mean that heavy rain or snow events cannot occur).

NASA Short-term Prediction Research and Training Center`s CONUS Real-
time 3-km Land Information System indicated 0-200 cm (6 foot depth)
soil moisture percentiles between the 30-70th percentile across most
areas west of the edge of the Caprock Escarpment into the Rolling
Plains, with a few locales below the 30th percentile across the
extreme southern Texas Panhandle, South Plains, and Rolling
Plains.

.NEXT ISSUANCE DATE:

This product will be updated November 3 and every two months
thereafter unless drought conditions change significantly.

.RELATED WEB SITES:

Additional information on current drought conditions may be found
at the following web addresses:
US Drought Monitor: https://droughtmonitor.unl.edu
US Drought Information System: https://www.drought.gov
NOAA Drought Page: https://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/Drought
Office of the Texas State Climatologist:
http://www.climatetexas.tamu.edu

Texas Agrilife Extension Agency Crop and Weather Report:
http://today.agrilife.org

Additional water and river information:
NWS: https://water.weather.gov
OWP: https://water.noaa.gov
US Geological Survey (USGS): https://water.usgs.gov
US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE): https://www.usace.army.mil

.ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:

The drought monitor is a multi-agency effort involving the
National Weather Service and National Climatic Data Center, the
USDA, State and Regional Center Climatologists, and the National
Drought Mitigation Center. Information for this statement has
been gathered from NWS and FAA observation sites, the Texas Tech
University West Texas Mesonet, State Cooperative Extension
Services, the USDA, USACE, and USGS.

.CONTACT INFORMATION:

If you have questions or comments about this Drought Information
Statement, please contact:

National Weather Service
2579 South Loop 289 Suite 100
Lubbock TX 79423
Phone...806-745-4926
lub.webmaster@noaa.gov

$$


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